Effective CISSP Questions

Your company establishes an E-Commerce website that sells toys around the world. All traffic is protected by HTTPS. Which of the following is the most feasible approach for the browser to submit the user’s password to the webserver? (Wentz QOTD)
A. Raw password
B. Hashed password
C. Salted password
D. Digital signature

Kindly be reminded that the suggested answer is for your reference only. It doesn’t matter whether you have the right or wrong answer. What really matters is your reasoning process and justifications.

My suggested answer is A. Raw password.

“Raw password” and “hashed password” are feasible solutions. However, raw password under HTTPS is more commonly used, e.g., Google and Facebook. The following reasons explain why the raw password is more feasible because information security should align with business needs:

  • In the browser, hashed passwords are computed through the custom JavaScript module; it’s not working if customers turn off the JavaScript feature or the antivirus software interferes with the operation. That would negatively impact the market share, customer satisfaction, and costs of customer services.
  • If the attacker can breach the HTTPS connection, sending a raw password or hashed password makes no difference because he can steal the access token and hijack the session. The residual risk is almost the same.
  • Moreover, sending a hashed password means the user’s password has to be hashed or salted and becomes irreversible. However, some websites may need to support the “retrieve password” feature where passwords are encrypted, and customers can query their forgotten passwords.

Salted Password

A salted password refers to the hash value computed from the concatenation of the raw password and a salt, which is a “random variable incorporated as secondary input to a one-way or encryption function that is used to derive password verification data.” (ISO/IEC 11770-4:2017) The salt is typically generated at the server-side and kept secret from the client, so it’s not possible for the client to submit a salted password.

Digital Signature

The digital signature is technically feasible but practically infeasible for an E-Commerce website to require customers to install a digital certificate for authentication.



My new book, The Effective CISSP: Security and Risk Management, helps CISSP aspirants build a solid conceptual security model. It is not only a tutorial for information security but also a study guide for the CISSP exam and an informative reference for security professionals.

貴公司建立了一個電子商務網站,在世界各地銷售玩具。 所有流量均受HTTPS保護。 對於瀏覽器將用戶密碼提交到Web服務器,以下哪項是最可行的方法? (Wentz QOTD)

A. 原始密碼(Raw password)
B. 散列密碼(Hashed password)
C. 鹽密碼(Salted password)
D. 數字簽名(Digital signature)

1 thought on “CISSP PRACTICE QUESTIONS – 20210418

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