Investigation Types

An investigation is the collection and analysis of evidence for specific purposes.

Administrative Investigation

  • Administrative investigation means an internal investigation of alleged misconduct by an employee. (Law Insider)
  • Administrative Investigations are conducted by local management, local Personnel Representatives and/or Employee Relations in response to complaints or concerns that generally are personnel related and non-criminal in nature. For example, an administrative investigation may be initiated in response to any of the following conditions or allegations.
    – A grievance or complaint
    – Property misuse/damage/theft
    – Misconduct
    – Prohibited harassment or discrimination
    – Threatening, intimidating, or violent behavior
    – Violation of university policies, rules and/or standards of conduct, or
    – Violation of law. (NC State University)

Civil Investigation

  • A civil investigation uncovers and assembles evidence necessary for a civil trial.
    A civil trial is a type of court case involving two individual citizens who disagree on an issue that relates to their rights as citizens. For example, if one person sues another for damages caused by a domestic accident, the case will likely be conducted as a civil trial. Civil investigators are responsible for gathering the evidence essential to such a trial. (PI Now)
  • When civil matters occur, it is the responsibility of each party to properly prepare to defend its position whether going to trial or trying to settle outside of court. Civil cases are disputes between two parties where one party or both parties failed to fulfill an agreement, service, or uphold their legal obligation. (Global Intelligence Consultants)

Regulatory Investigation

  • Regulatory investigation meansa formal hearing, official investigation, examination, inquiry, legal action or any other similar proceeding initiated by a governmental, regulatory, law enforcement, professional or statutory body against you. (Law Insider)

Criminal Investigation

  • Criminal investigation is an applied science that involves the study of facts that are then used to inform criminal trials. (Wikipedia)
  • Applied to the criminal realm, a criminal investigation refers to the process of collecting information (or evidence) about a crime in order to:
    (1) determine if a crime has been committed;
    (2) identify the perpetrator;
    (3) apprehend the perpetrator; and
    (4) provide evidence to support a conviction in court. (JRank)

Investigation Standards, Guidelines, and Protocols

  1. WHO – Investigation Protocol
  2. CHS Alliance – Guidelines for Investigations
  3. Ombudsman Western Australia – Guidelines on Conducting Investigations
  4. Uniform Guidelines for Investigations
  5. The Australian Government Investigations Standards (AGIS)
  6. UNHCR Investigation Resource Manual
  7. ISO/IEC 27043:2015 — Information technology — Security techniques — Incident investigation principles and processes
  8. ISO/IEC 27041:2015 — Information technology — Security techniques — Guidance on assuring suitability and adequacy of incident investigative method
  9. Accident and incident investigation (ISO 9001:2015, ISO 14001:2015, and ISO 45001:2018)


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