Stakeholders are identified after the context is determined and analyzed. Their needs and expectations are solicited, collected, analyzed, and managed as requirements, and become the basis of the scope. Alternatives are then proposed to meet stakeholders’ requirements. A business case evaluates the alternatives, selects one as the solution, and supports a project to be sponsored and initiated.
That said, a project is initiated with a charter supported by a business case that evaluates alternatives and determines the solution to meet stakeholders’ needs and expectations identified from the organization and its context, typically through internal and external analysis or environment scanning.
The initial scope is described in the charter; it is elaborated, approved, baselined, and documented in the project plan after the project is initiated.