What is the difference between Board, Council, Committee, Commission and Tribunal in India?



a group of persons having managerial, supervisory, investigatory, or advisory powers.

Example: CBSE, Medical


a group of people elected directly or indirectly who are chosen to make rules, laws, or decisions or to give advice.

Example: Legislative council which is an indirectly or directly elected or nominated members to make rules, laws. Municipal councils or UN Security Council.


a group of people entrusted by a government or other official body with authority to do something.

Example: Election commission of India which constitutional and independent body which consists of four-member who exercise their power to conduct the free and fair election in India.


a body of persons delegated to consider, investigate, take action on, or report on some matters.

Example: Sri Krishna committee which was set up to look after the issues arose and distribution of resource after bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh.


A tribunal, generally, is any person or institution with authority to judge, adjudication, or determine claims or disputes—whether or not it is called a tribunal in its title. For example, an advocate who appears before a court with a single judge could describe that judge as ‘their tribunal. For National Green Tribunal a body specially constituted to solve issues on the environment and reduce its impacts. Water tribunals etc.,

Source: Narasimha Raju, former Development Professional (2016)

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